Swamped with your writing assignments? Take the weight off your shoulder!
Submit your assignment instructions
If nearly all the people who compose a group lean in the same direction on a particular issue, the group will move even further in that direction. This phenomenon is known as group polarization.
An extreme form of group polarization, known as groupthink, occurs when the group members suppress their doubts about a group’s decision for fear of creating a wrong impression or disrupting group harmony. The main elements leading to groupthink are overconfidence by the leadership, underestimating the problems, and pressure to conform. Sometimes dissenters conform independently, and sometimes the leadership actively urges them to conform.
In groupthink, people start thinking alike, whereas, in group polarization, people start to think differently. In other words, in groupthink, people stay quiet because they fear a strong leader, while in group polarization, people speak up because they lack a strong leader. Now, let us look at the eight steps we can take to avoid groupthink and group polarization.
The eight-step ethical decision-making model aims to guide healthcare professionals to avoid ethical dilemmas.
The eight steps of the model include:
identify the problem,
consideration of context and setting,
identification and use of ethical and legal resources,
consideration of personal beliefs and values,
consider possible solutions for the problem,
consideration of potential consequences of all possible decisions,
choice and implementation of course of action,
outcome assessment and implementation of necessary changes.
Sequential order is optional for the model, as steps may fall out of order throughout the decision-making process.
For week 5, for your initial discussion post, watch the two videos below:
What is Group Polarization? Group Polarization Explained.
Conformity and groupthink.
After watching the two videos, use the FNU library and find one (1) peer-reviewed article on group polarization and one (1) peer-reviewed article on groupthink. Then, in 250-350 words or less, explain how you can use one or more of the ethical steps listed above to avoid group polarization and groupthink.
Be sure to review the Undergraduate Discussion Rubric before you submit your initial discussion post.