Swamped with your writing assignments? Take the weight off your shoulder!
Discussion Board Question 2 A 20-year-old college nursing student received the Hepatitis B vaccination series as a child. The student visited the health center for a blood test to determine if immunity exists. What is this test called (5 points)? The test confirmed that the student has antibodies for the Hepatitis B virus. What type of immunity does this describe (5 points)? Explain how the student acquired this type of immunity (20 points). The student was also born with certain immune defenses. Identify two examples of innate immunity (10 points). The student’s sister visited the health center to receive the influenza vaccine. Two days after receiving the vaccine, she developed a fever and was diagnosed with the flu. She asked the nursing student, “Why didn’t the vaccine work? Did the flu vaccine give me the flu?” How should the nursing student best answer both questions (20 points)? Respond to this student: Before I go on differentiate between Type I and Type II Diabetes Mellitus, I will first define each one. Type I Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition. During this condition, the pancreas secretes little to no insulin (Mayo, 2023). Insulin is an essential hormone that helps turn food into energy and controls blood sugar levels (MediLexicon, 2022). It usually shows up during childhood, but this is not always true. Many factors, such as genetics and viruses, can cause Type I Diabetes Mellitus. There is no cure for Type I Diabetes Mellitus. Type II Diabetes Mellitus is a condition that happens because there is a problem in the body regulating and using sugar as a fuel. This condition results in too much glucose circulating in the blood. These high glucose levels lead to disorders of various body systems (Atrium Health, April). They both come from different causes. Type 1 is when the pancreas does not make insulin, and Type 2 is when the body becomes resistant to insulin. Type 1 occurs in childhood, while Type 2 occurs over many years. Type 1 can experience low and high blood sugar, but Type 2 does not. Type 1 can not be prevented, but Type 2 can be avoided. There are several acute complications of hypoglycemia. Some are seizures, sweating, and palpitations to cognitive dysfunction. Some of these complications can have long-term effects on the body. There are long-term complications of hyperglycemia. These include cardiovascular disease, neuropathy, kidney failure, and damage of the retina blood vessels that lead to blindness. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. (2022b, August 20). Hyperglycemia in diabetes. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hyperglycemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20373631 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. (2023, May 3). Type 1 diabetes. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-1-diabetes/symptoms-causes/syc-20353011 MediLexicon International. (2022, June). An overview of insulin. Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323760