Please write a 5-page double-spaced paper in which you do the following: (1) assess the current state of public culture in the U.S. (please be sure to define “public culture” as you have come to understand the term); (2) identify and describe one reading, video, or podcast from the course that you think provides insights about how we can use the art of rhetoric to navigate public culture in the future; and, (3) offer at least one hopeful insight for the future of public culture in the U.S. and beyond.
demonstrate an expert level understanding of theory and how the theory speaks to
demonstrate an expert level understanding of theory and how the theory speaks to everyday phenomena. 5-7 pages in length. 5 sources minimum all of which are to be peer-reviewed journal articles or chapters in edited books that have been published by a reputable academic press — APA formatting and reference style will be required.
• 5-7 pages in length — assuming double-spaced 12-point Times New Roman front and not counting titles, headers, figures, notes or reference
• 1 theory or substantial theoretical concept that connects your selected source material; your theory will be chosen from the topics listed in the syllabus
• 5 scholarly sources minimum, all of which are to be peer-reviewed journal articles or chapters in edited books that have been published by a reputable academic press — APA formatting and reference style will be required
• A clear, thoughtful question or problem to which you believe the selected theory may apply
More on the Literature Review
Literature reviews are discussions of previous theory and research; scholars can write stand-alone literature reviews, but they are frequently part of research reports in journal articles, book chapters, and such. Experts in an area/topic conduct literature reviews in order to determine what the “state of field” is in terms of knowledge about particular subjects. In other words, we do reviews of the existing literature in order to answer the question, “What can we say we know about ______?”
One element of many literature reviews is the “theory section.” This is a passage or section in which academic work that develops and applies a particular theory gets discussed. The writer summarizes, synthesizes and places in context of their own inquiry a substantial number of previous academic texts. In these, you do more than simply “talk about” what you’ve read. Rather, you help the reader see the “background” of your own research, the ideas on which you rely, and the way in which you’re conceptualizing communication. In order to have a coherent approach to a communication problem, you need an appropriate and cogent way to conceptualize communication. Using a particular theory of communication enables us to accomplish just that.
So, the above is what a literature review is and why we craft them. Here’s how you should complete the assignment.
• Know that you will be writing a literature review, and not a whole research paper. You’re crafting what is usually just one part of a larger research project.
• Develop a thoughtful, focused research question or problem. What might you be interested in understanding? What phenomena, issue, or process engages your curiosity? You’ll not be researching this per se, but you should select a theory that’s appropriate for framing the way in which you’ll approach that phenomena in later work.
• Select one theory from our course textbook to discuss in your review.
o The theory you select should be presented as a chapter in our course textbook. If you wish to concentrate on any communication theory or major concept that is not presented in our textbook, then you must have your selection approved by the course instructor by the mid-point of the semester.
o You may write on a theory that has been discussed as a formal part of our class sessions.
• Compose a literature review with the following sections (later in the semester, I will point you toward useful internet resources):
o A concise introduction of 1-2 paragraphs in which you (1) name and characterize the theory you will discuss, (2) explain the question or problem that grounds your selection of this theory, and (3) previews the remainder of your assignment.
o A main section with subsections that engage several of the themes/topics described in a bullet point below.
o A focused conclusion of 1-2 paragraphs in which you (1) summarize the chief “lessons” of your literature review and (2) bring closure to your work by reconnecting your review with the question or problem you discussed at the outset.
• For the main section of your literature review, you will describe, synthesize, analyze, and/or apply the sources you’ve read. The objective here is to develop expertise about this theory and how it can be used to generate knowledge in response to communication questions and problems. You do this by going beyond just producing a simple “book report” on what you’ve read. Instead, students who earn higher grades will develop and discuss themes/topics that cut across multiple sources. These are examples of potential themes/topics you might develop for the main section of your literature review:
o What practical problems or issues does this theory seek to help understand or solve? Has the scope or focus of this theory changed in any way over time?
o Amongst the research articles you review, discuss claims or findings that show up in multiple sources. That is, talk about what researchers are “doing with” or “finding with” this theory.
o Explain how theorists have changed, added, removed, or emphasized key concepts within the theory over time.
o What concepts are most important or illuminating in reference to the problem you’re interested in understanding. That is, why does this theory or particular parts of it “apply” well to the issue or topic in which you’re interested?
o What do these articles using a particular theory have in common, such as research methodology, subject matter/topic, etc.?
o What questions, problems, disagreements or uncertainties persist across these articles?
o What articles or theorists are referenced as seminal, early, or influential? What is the content of these articles or how are they described in others’ work?
o Other topics, themes, or discussion points are possible….
Why is it important to take audience into consideration in technical documents?
Why is it important to take audience into consideration in technical documents? How can audience affect your presentation of content?
Understanding key factors when it comes to political issues is one of the most i
Understanding key factors when it comes to political issues is one of the most important things we can do as an advanced society, where we understand both sides of an issue to make an informed opinion. In our Assignment for the week, your task is to consider one of the following political issues.
The National Debt
Gun reform legislation
Medicare for all vs. Public Option
The Border Wall with Mexico
After selecting an issue, your next task is to identify the Democratic and Republican stances on these issues. In a well-thought-out, 5-paragraph essay (500 – 700 words in APA style with a brief references page), address the following sections.
Section 1 – Introduce the topic you have selected and your upcoming main points.
Section 2 – Give the Democratic perspective. What is their viewpoint on this issue?
Section 3 – Give the Republican perspective. What is their viewpoint on this issue?
Section 4 – Address what the key areas of debate here are. How does each side frame the issue?
Section 5 – Conclusion. Review your main points and your final thoughts.
When you have completed this assignment, turn it in by clicking the link above.
Post 2 questions questions. Remember that one of the marking criteria is that s
Post 2 questions questions. Remember that one of the marking criteria is that students need to “post well before the deadline so that others have sufficient time to respond.” So, do not wait until near the deadline to post questions and join these peer conversations.
You are encouraged to share your own stories related to how your attitudes toward something/someone (car, laptop, phone, hairstyle, boyfriend/girlfriend, friends,…) are correlates/uncorrelated with your behavior (purchasing, dating, conflict, reconciliation, ….). Be SPECIFIC in terms of the behavior, context, and time
Ex. In this chapter, we learned that attitudes can be correlated to behavior. One thing that stood out to me were situational factors. Situational factors explain how a person’s attitude being correlated to a behavior depends on the type of situation they are in: an individuated situation, deindividuated situation, or a scriipted situation. According to the textbook, individuated situations encourage people to focus on their own attitudes, deindividuated situations encourage people to adopt a group’s perspective, and scriipted situations cause people to respond automatically, without thinking about their attitude.
An example of situational factors in my life is when I wake up to go to work. On Saturday, my alarm clock went off at 6:00 am, and I immediately got out of bed and got ready for work. This shows a scriipted situation, because I responded automatically, without focusing on my attitude.
What is an example of situational factors in your life?
What type of situation is it: individuated, deindividuated, or scriipted?
The way an attitude is formed can have an impact on whether attitudes impact behavior
– Direct experience
– Indirect experience
– Vested interest
– Personal stake in the outcome of a situation; ego-involvement
Also, attitude accessibility, or our ability to access attitudes toward certain thing/people in our mind may determine our behavior.
Similarly, in order for a behavior to be influenced by attitudes, it must be perceived as relevant to the behavior
See page 48-52, Chapter 3. Textbook: Frymier A. B. & Nadler, M. K. (2021). Persuasion: Integrating theory, research,
and practice (5th ed.). Kendall Hunt Publishing.
For this assignment, you will read the scenario (attached) about a group situati
For this assignment, you will read the scenario (attached) about a group situation and write a 2 page paper addressing the items below.
Address the following points:
Describe four common characteristics of groups.
Discuss the impact of any ethical issues that may arise in a group setting.
Explain group task roles, group social maintenance roles, and individualistic roles within the group dynamic in the scenario.
Based on the scenario, explain which predominant roles are expressed.
Discuss some of the challenges with this group.
Offer two solutions to make the group dynamic more effective.
Include a minimum of two scholarly resources.
1. What is the tone of the speech, does the deliverer provide well reasoned expl
1. What is the tone of the speech, does the deliverer provide well reasoned explanations to the subject? Explain your answer
2. Whats parts of the speech informs you, please highlight some of the most important information that appeals to you?
3. After viewing the speech, do you feel confident about public speaking and will you be ready to deliver your speech, when the time comes? Please explain in your answer
SPEECH LINK: https://youtu.be/Czg_9C7gw0o
I want writer 15851.
I want writer 15851.
Please see attached file for instruction. Please note that this assignment is more of a step by step teaching guide to students. see attached file for more instructions
Post 2 questions Remember that one of the marking criteria is that students need to “post well before the deadline so that others have sufficient time to respond.” So, do not wait until near the deadline to post questions and join these peer conversations.
Questions below are just examples main topic is
Describing compliance-gaining that should be the main topic for discussion
Persuasion: Integrating Theory, Research w/KHP Content & KHQ
Publisher: Kendall Hunt Publishing Company
1. Explain the three levels of influence
2. Describe compliance-gaining
3. Compare and contrast the three compliance-gaining typologies presented
4. Describe and provide examples of propaganda tactics
5. Describe and provide examples of sequential request strategies
6. Explain how compliance-gaining, propaganda, and sequential request strategies relate to the levels of influence
This is an example of what the discussion should be plus two questions to ask the class
The Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM) of persuasiveness is a fundamental theory about the thinking process that is likely to occur when there is an attempt to change an individual’s attitude through communication. The model explores how humans process differently and the outcomes of the processes resulting in attitude change. It is vital in changing peoples’ attitudes.
The two routes of persuasion are the central route to influence and the peripheral route to persuasion. The peripheral route happens when an individual is persuaded by something other than the message’s content. The central route to persuasion occurs when the content convinces an individual of the message. They play a role in determining whether an individual’s attitude will change. The motivation to process the message and the capability to be keen will determine its route. Low motivation leads to the peripheral route, while high reason leads to the central route.
Some factors affect motivation to process and ability to process. These factors include; activation, persistence, and intensity. Activation initiates a decision to a behavior. Persistence is the extended effort to achieve a goal. Intensity is the concentration that is given to achieve specific goals. The central route to persuasion is best when the target of influence is analytical and willing to engage in processing the information. Attitude is a factor that can affect how an individual takes the info after being presented with impact. Objective data processing is achieved; when the target of influence has processed the data and achieved a reasonable apprehension. Biased processing of data happens when an individual has no objective and has favoritism toward a thing or person. It is perceived as the skewed presentation of information. The commercial advertisements use peripheral cues because there is less elaboration. Persuasion happens when the listener agrees with the message and the strength of the argument.
My questions to the group are as follows:
What should be observed to ensure that there is successful persuasion?
How can we change the listener’s attitude to increase the chances of successful influence?
Research methodology 51
Effective Crisis Management Communication: Leadership and Organizational Elements Essential for Success
Rational for Methodology
Please write a 2-page Rational for Methodology based on Table of Contents
Researcher’s Positionality Statement
Please write a 2-page Researcher’s Positionality Statement based on Table of Contents
Summary and Organization of the Remainder of the Study
Please write a 2-page Summary and Organization of the Remainder of the Study based on Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study 1
Background of the Study 1
Problem Statement and Significance of the Study 1
Theoretical and/or Conceptual Framework 1
Researcher’s Positionality 2
Purpose of the Study 2
Research Question(s) and/or Hypotheses 3
Rationale for Methodology 3
Definition of Terms 4
Summary and Organization of the Remainder of the Study 4
Chapter 2: Literature Review 15
Crisis Management 16
Theoretical Approach 19
Situational Crisis Communication Theory 21
SCCT Stages 21
Attribution Theory 25
Contingency Theory 27
Image Restoration Theory 28
Critical Factors to the Crisis Management Process 30
External Environment 30
Psychological Factors 32
Communication and Media Plan 34
Leadership and Crisis Management 35
Crisis Lifecycle 36
The Preparation Phase 39
Emergency Phase 39
Adaptive Phase 39
Decision Making and Crisis Management 41
Ethics and Crisis Management 44
Chapter 3: Methodology 49
Statement of the Problem 50
Research Questions 51
Research Methodology 51
Research Approach 52
Study Population and Sample Selection 54
Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria 54
Data Collection Method 56
Sources of Data 57
Trustworthiness of the Study 61
Member Checking 61
Data Analysis Procedures 62
Ethical Considerations 64