A food environment is defined as the availability and accessibility of food for a community

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Topic Descriiption
Problem Statement
Purpose of Topic
References
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Topic Descriiption
A food environment is defined as the availability and accessibility of food for a
community. It is influenced by policy, cultural and social norms, the physical environment and
economics. The food environment has a direct impact on the health status its inhabitants. Healthy
food environments provide access to nutrient dense foods that prevent disease (General Food
Environment Resources, 2020). One arising issue that threatens production of disease
preventative foods is the decline in the honeybee, the world’s most essential pollinator The
decline in hive populations has been documented all over the world, including the countries that
the United States imports produce from in the winter months (Grossman & Urbina, n.d.).

Problem Statement
Americans are at a particular disadvantage related to the loss of bees because much of the
current food environments are obesogenic and do not support fruit and vegetable consumption
(Lake, 2018). The effect of this can be seen in the high rates of chronic illness and medical costs
(Richard et al., 2018). If a shortage of produce were to occur, the situation would exacerbate an
already existing public health issue.
Purpose of Topic
A public health issue is a socio-structural condition that can influence health of the
public. In comparison, medicine focuses on treating the individual. The advantage of labeling a
health disparity as public health issue is that it has the potential to increase funding for research,
intervention programs and policy changes to help close gaps in inequalities through prevention.
The purpose of this paper is to present evidence that the decline in the honeybee population

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should be approached from a public health perspective to both protect bees and provide healthy
food environments for Americans.
References
General Food Environment Resources. (n.d.). Retrieved August 19, 2020, from
https://www.cdc.gov/healthyplaces/healthtopics/healthyfood/general.htm
Grossman, E., Urbina, I. (n.d.). Declining Bee Populations Pose a Threat to Global Agriculture.
Retrieved August 19, 2020, from
https://e360.yale.edu/features/declining_bee_populations_pose_a_threat_to_global_agric
ulture
Lake A. A. (2018). Neighbourhood food environments: food choice, foodscapes and planning for
health. The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 77(3), 239–246.
https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665118000022
Richard, P., Walker, R., & Alexandre, P. (2018). The burden of out of pocket costs and medical
debt faced by households with chronic health conditions in the United States. PloS
one, 13(6), e0199598. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0199598

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